How does the SSO ETF work?
7 min read
By Ron Koren, ETF Insider

How does the SSO ETF work?

In the world of finance, Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have gained immense popularity as a versatile investment vehicle. One ETF that has been consistently in the spotlight is the SSO ETF. In this article, we will delve into the workings of the SSO ETF, exploring its overview, underlying assets, benefits of investing, and important considerations. Whether you are a seasoned investor or a newcomer to the financial markets, understanding the SSO ETF can provide valuable insights into optimizing your investment strategy.

SSO ETF: Overview

The SSO ETF, formally known as the ProShares Ultra S&P 500 ETF, is designed to provide investors with double the daily returns of the S&P 500 Index. It achieves this objective by using financial derivatives, such as swaps and futures contracts, to magnify the performance of the index. This means that if the S&P 500 increases by 1% on a given day, the SSO ETF should theoretically deliver a 2% return, excluding fees and expenses.

SSO ETF: Underlying and Exposure - What Does It Track and How?

Understanding the underlying assets and exposure of the SSO ETF is crucial for investors looking to incorporate it into their portfolios.
Underlying Assets: The SSO ETF primarily holds a combination of financial derivatives linked to the S&P 500 Index. These derivatives can include equity swaps and futures contracts. The fund's managers use these instruments to replicate the index's performance. However, it's important to note that the SSO ETF does not hold all the individual stocks within the S&P 500; instead, it relies on these derivatives for its returns.
Leverage: The key feature of the SSO ETF is its leverage factor. It aims to provide twice the daily returns of the S&P 50This leverage is achieved by holding positions in derivatives that amplify the fund's exposure to the index. While this leverage can enhance potential gains, it also increases the level of risk, making the SSO ETF more volatile than a traditional ETF that tracks the index directly.
Daily Reset: It's essential to understand that the SSO ETF's leverage is reset daily. This means that the fund seeks to achieve its objective of double daily returns on a daily basis, but the cumulative returns over longer periods may differ significantly from twice the S&P 500's returns. This effect is known as compounding, and it can lead to disparities in performance, especially in volatile markets.

SSO overlap How does work the SSO ETF?SSO overlap How does work the SSO ETF?

SSO ETF: Benefits of Investing

Investors are drawn to the SSO ETF for several reasons:
Amplified Returns: The primary allure of the SSO ETF is its potential for amplified returns. By providing double the daily returns of the S&P 500, it can be an attractive option for investors who believe in the long-term growth of the stock market.
Portfolio Diversification: The SSO ETF allows investors to gain exposure to the S&P 500 with a single investment. This can be particularly advantageous for those seeking diversification across a broad range of U.S. large-cap stocks.
Liquidity and Accessibility: Like traditional ETFs, the SSO ETF trades on major stock exchanges, making it easy to buy and sell. Its liquidity ensures that investors can enter and exit positions with relative ease.

SSO ETF: Considerations Before Investing

While the SSO ETF offers enticing benefits, it's not without its considerations:
Volatility: Due to its leverage, the SSO ETF can experience greater volatility than the S&P 50This means that it may not be suitable for risk-averse investors or those with a long-term investment horizon.
Tracking Error: Over extended periods, the SSO ETF's returns may deviate significantly from twice the S&P 500's returns due to the daily reset and compounding effect. Investors should be aware of this tracking error when evaluating its performance.
Short-Term Investment: The SSO ETF is designed for short-term trading and daily objectives. It may not be an ideal choice for long-term investors seeking consistent, compounded returns.
Expenses: As with all ETFs, investors should consider the expenses associated with the SSO ETF, including management fees and trading costs, which can erode returns over time.


The SSO ETF is a unique investment option for those seeking leveraged exposure to the S&P 50While it offers the potential for amplified returns, investors must be aware of the increased risk and volatility associated with this ETF. Before investing in the SSO ETF, carefully consider your investment goals, risk tolerance, and time horizon. It's essential to consult with a financial advisor to determine whether the SSO ETF aligns with your overall investment strategy.
In summary, the SSO ETF can be a powerful tool in the hands of informed investors, but it should be approached with caution and a clear understanding of its mechanics and risks.


SSO ETF issuer
SSO ETF official page

Get started


  • What is the SSO ETF?

    The SSO ETF is an exchange-traded fund that provides investors with exposure to a specific sector.

  • What is the underlying index that the SSO ETF aims to track?

    The SSO ETF aims to track the performance of a specific index, which includes companies involved in its respective sector.

  • What types of companies are included in the SSO ETF?

    The SSO ETF includes companies from its focused industry.

  • How does the SSO ETF work?

    The SSO ETF functions by pooling investors' capital to purchase a diversified portfolio of sector-related stocks.

  • What are the advantages of investing in the SSO ETF?

    Investing in the SSO ETF offers exposure to a specialized sector with potential for growth.