What is the  TZA ETF ?
5 min read
By Ron Koren, ETF Insider

What is the TZA ETF ?

In the ever-changing world of finance, Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have emerged as popular investment vehicles for both individual and institutional investors. One such ETF that has gained attention is the TZA ETF. In this article, we will explore the TZA ETF, its underlying and exposure, the benefits of investing in it, and essential considerations before making an investment.
The TZA ETF, also known as the Direxion Daily Small Cap Bear 3X Shares, is designed to provide investors with a -300% daily inverse leverage to the performance of the Russell 2000 Index. As an ETF, it allows investors to gain exposure to a basket of assets representing the performance of approximately 2,000 small-capitalization companies within the Russell 3000 Index.

TZA ETF: Underlying and Exposure

The TZA ETF's underlying index is the Russell 2000 Index, which comprises small-cap stocks and represents a crucial segment of the broader market. The Russell 2000 Index measures the performance of small-cap companies, which typically have a market capitalization below $2 billion. These smaller companies are known for their growth potential and ability to outperform larger corporations, especially during economic expansions.
To achieve its inverse leveraged exposure, the TZA ETF utilizes financial instruments such as swap agreements, futures contracts, and short positions. This strategy allows the fund to achieve the daily return opposite to that of the Russell 2000 Index. It is important to note that the TZA ETF is designed to provide -300% of the daily inverse return, which means that it aims to triple the opposite performance of its underlying index.

TZA overlap What is the  TZA ETF ?TZA overlap What is the TZA ETF ?

TZA ETF: Benefits of Investing

Investing in the TZA ETF can offer several potential benefits to investors seeking to capitalize on market downturns or hedge against portfolio risk. Some key advantages of this ETF include:
Inverse Leverage: The TZA ETF's -300% daily inverse leverage allows investors to amplify potential gains during periods of market decline. This makes it attractive for those looking to capitalize on short-term market downturns.
Diversification: By investing in the TZA ETF, investors gain exposure to a diversified basket of small-cap companies. This diversification can help spread risk and reduce the impact of individual stock performance.
Liquidity: Being an ETF, the TZA ETF trades on major stock exchanges, providing investors with easy access to buy and sell shares at market prices throughout the trading day.

TZA ETF: Considerations Before Investing

While the TZA ETF offers potential benefits, it is essential for investors to consider some critical factors before incorporating it into their investment strategy:
Short-Term Investment: The TZA ETF is designed for short-term trading and is not suitable for long-term buy-and-hold strategies. Due to its daily inverse leverage, it can experience significant losses over an extended period, even if the underlying index's performance declines.
Market Timing: Attempting to time market downturns can be challenging, even for experienced investors. The TZA ETF's performance depends on the market's daily movements, making it inherently speculative and subject to volatility.
Risk Management: As with any investment, risk management is crucial. The TZA ETF carries significant risk due to its leverage and inverse exposure, making it important for investors to carefully assess their risk tolerance and investment goals.


In conclusion, the TZA ETF offers an opportunity for investors to gain inverse leverage to the Russell 2000 Index and potentially capitalize on short-term market downturns. However, it is essential to recognize the inherent risks associated with such a strategy. Investors should conduct thorough research, consider their risk tolerance, and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions. Remember, this article does not provide investment advice, and individuals should seek professional guidance tailored to their specific financial situation.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute investment advice. The content presented here does not offer any investment advisory services. Investors should perform their due diligence and consult with a licensed financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

TZA ETF issuer
TZA ETF official page

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  • What is the TZA ETF?

    The TZA ETF, also known as the Direxion Daily Small Cap Bear 3X Shares, is an exchange-traded fund that seeks to provide three times the inverse daily performance of the Russell 2000 Index. It is designed for investors who want to profit from the potential decline in small-cap stocks.

  • How does the TZA ETF achieve its investment objective?

    The TZA ETF achieves its investment objective by using financial instruments, such as swaps and futures contracts, to obtain the desired exposure to the Russell 2000 Index. It aims to deliver daily returns that are three times the opposite (inverse) of the daily performance of the index.

  • What is the Russell 2000 Index?

    The Russell 2000 Index is a benchmark that measures the performance of approximately 2,000 small-cap companies in the United States. It represents the bottom 2,000 stocks in the Russell 3000 Index, which encompasses the 3,000 largest U.S. publicly traded companies.

  • How does the 3X leverage of the TZA ETF work?

    The TZA ETF employs 3X leverage, which means it seeks to magnify the daily returns of the Russell 2000 Index by a factor of three. For example, if the index declines by 1% on a particular day, the TZA ETF aims to generate a 3% positive return on that day (inverse of the index's performance).

  • What are the risks associated with investing in the TZA ETF?

    While the TZA ETF offers the potential for amplified returns during market downturns, it also carries higher risks due to its 3X leverage. The ETF's performance is designed to track the index's daily returns, so holding it for an extended period can result in significant losses if the index experiences prolonged positive trends.