What is the  VGSH ETF ?
5 min read
By Ron Koren, ETF Insider

What is the VGSH ETF ?

In the dynamic world of finance, Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have emerged as a popular investment option for both seasoned investors and beginners alike. This article focuses on VGSH ETF, providing an overview, insights into its underlying and exposure, the benefits of investing in this ETF, and considerations before making an investment.

VGSH ETF : Overview

VGSH ETF, also known as the Vanguard Short-Term Treasury ETF, is an index-based fund designed to track the performance of the Bloomberg U.S. Treasury 1-3 Year Index. The fund follows an indexing investment approach, which means it aims to replicate the performance of the underlying index rather than actively managed strategies. The Vanguard Short-Term Treasury ETF holds a portfolio of fixed-income securities issued by the U.S. Treasury, with maturities ranging from 1 to 3 years.

VGSH ETF Underlying and Exposure: What does it track and how?

The VGSH ETF primarily invests in fixed-income securities issued by the U.S. Treasury, excluding inflation-protected securities, floating rate securities, and certain other security types. The fund employs a sampling strategy, holding a range of securities that closely resemble the overall index in terms of key risk factors and other characteristics. At least 80% of the fund's assets are invested in bonds included in the Bloomberg U.S. Treasury 1-3 Year Index. The ETF's portfolio maintains a dollar-weighted average maturity consistent with that of the index, which was 2 years as of August 31, 2022.

VGSH overlap What is the  VGSH ETF ?VGSH overlap What is the VGSH ETF ?

VGSH ETF: Benefits to Invest in this ETF

Investing in VGSH ETF offers several advantages to investors seeking stable and short-term fixed-income exposure. Some of the key benefits of investing in this ETF include:
Lower Interest Rate Risk: With its focus on short-term Treasury bonds, VGSH is less sensitive to interest rate fluctuations compared to longer-term bond ETFs. This makes it an attractive option during periods of rising interest rates.
Safety and Liquidity: U.S. Treasury securities are considered one of the safest investments globally, as they are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government. Moreover, the ETF's size and popularity ensure high liquidity, making it easy for investors to buy and sell shares.
Diversification: The fund's holdings span a range of U.S. Treasury bonds with different maturities, providing investors with a diversified exposure to short-term government debt.

VGSH ETF: Considerations Before Investing

While VGSH ETF offers numerous benefits, investors should be aware of certain considerations before making an investment:
Low Yield Potential: As a short-term Treasury bond ETF, VGSH may offer relatively lower yields compared to longer-duration bond funds or riskier assets. Investors seeking higher returns should assess their risk tolerance and investment objectives accordingly.
Market Conditions: The performance of the VGSH ETF is influenced by macroeconomic factors and monetary policy decisions. Understanding the current market conditions and their potential impact on the fund's performance is crucial.
Investment Horizon: VGSH is well-suited for investors with short-term investment horizons or those looking to preserve capital. Long-term investors seeking higher growth potential might consider other ETFs more aligned with their financial goals.


The VGSH ETF, Vanguard Short-Term Treasury ETF, provides investors with exposure to short-term U.S. Treasury bonds, offering stability and lower interest rate risk. Its underlying index, the Bloomberg U.S. Treasury 1-3 Year Index, ensures diversification within the fixed-income securities issued by the U.S. government. Before investing, individuals must carefully consider their investment objectives, risk tolerance, and prevailing market conditions.

Disclaimer: The information presented in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice. Investors are encouraged to conduct thorough research and consult with a financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

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VGSH ETF official page

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  • What is the VGSH ETF?

    The VGSH ETF, also known as the Vanguard Short-Term Treasury Index ETF, is an exchange-traded fund offered by Vanguard that aims to track the performance of short-term U.S. Treasury bonds.

  • What is the underlying index that the VGSH ETF aims to track?

    The VGSH ETF seeks to replicate the performance of the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury 1-3 Year Bond Index, which includes short-term U.S. Treasury bonds with maturities between 1 and 3 years.

  • What types of securities are included in the VGSH ETF?

    The VGSH ETF holds short-term U.S. Treasury bonds issued by the U.S. government. These bonds are considered to be among the safest investments due to the backing of the U.S. government.

  • How does the VGSH ETF work?

    The VGSH ETF operates by investing in a portfolio of short-term U.S. Treasury bonds that closely matches the composition and weightings of its underlying index, the Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Treasury 1-3 Year Bond Index.

  • What are the advantages of investing in the VGSH ETF?

    Investing in the VGSH ETF offers investors a low-risk option to preserve capital and earn some interest income. The short-term nature of the bonds in the fund provides stability and liquidity, making it suitable for those seeking a safe haven for their investments.