What is the  VIOV ETF ?
5 min read
By Ron Koren, ETF Insider

What is the VIOV ETF ?

[ETF NAME] : Overview

The VIOV ETF, or the Vanguard S&;P Small-Cap 600 Value ETF, is a financial instrument that aims to provide investors with exposure to the performance of small-capitalization value companies in the United States. It employs an indexing investment approach, specifically tracking the S&;P SmallCap 600® Value Index. The index represents companies that have been classified as "value companies" by the index sponsor, based on certain criteria. As an ETF, VIOV allows investors to gain diversified exposure to this specific segment of the market.

[ETF NAME] Underlying and Exposure: What Does It Track and How?

The underlying index of the VIOV ETF, the S&;P SmallCap 600® Value Index, is designed to measure the performance of value companies within the S&;P SmallCap 600 Index. Value companies are those that the index sponsor believes are undervalued relative to their intrinsic worth. The index considers various factors, such as price-to-book ratios, earnings-to-price ratios, and sales growth, to determine the classification of these companies.
The ETF aims to replicate the performance of the target index by investing most, if not all, of its assets in the stocks that make up the S&;P SmallCap 600® Value Index. It holds each stock in approximately the same proportion as its weighting in the index. This strategy allows investors to gain exposure to a broad range of small-cap value stocks, enhancing diversification while minimizing single-stock risk.

VIOV overlap What is the  VIOV ETF ?VIOV overlap What is the VIOV ETF ?

[ETF NAME]: Benefits to Invest in This ETF

Investing in the VIOV ETF offers several advantages for investors seeking exposure to small-cap value companies. One of the primary benefits is diversification. By holding a basket of stocks, the ETF spreads risk across multiple companies and industries, reducing the impact of individual stock price fluctuations.
Moreover, VIOV comes with relatively low expense ratios compared to actively managed funds. As an index-tracking ETF, it does not require frequent portfolio rebalancing or extensive research, leading to lower management fees. This cost-efficiency can potentially translate into higher returns for investors over the long term.
Additionally, the ETF provides easy liquidity, as it can be bought and sold on stock exchanges throughout the trading day. This liquidity feature ensures that investors can easily enter or exit their positions without significant price impacts.

[ETF NAME]: Considerations Before Investing

While the VIOV ETF offers numerous benefits, potential investors must also consider some important factors before making a decision. Like any investment, this ETF carries inherent risks, particularly market and sector risks associated with small-cap value companies. These stocks may experience higher volatility compared to large-cap counterparts, leading to potentially larger swings in the ETF's value.
Furthermore, it's crucial for investors to align the VIOV ETF with their overall investment strategy and risk tolerance. As with any investment, it's essential to conduct thorough research and consult with a financial advisor if needed.


In conclusion, the VIOV ETF, or Vanguard S&;P Small-Cap 600 Value ETF, offers investors a vehicle to gain exposure to the performance of small-capitalization value companies in the United States. By employing an indexing investment approach and tracking the S&;P SmallCap 600® Value Index, this ETF provides diversification, cost-efficiency, and liquidity. However, it's important for potential investors to carefully consider their investment goals and risk tolerance before investing in this financial instrument.

Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only and does not constitute investment advice. The information provided in this article is not intended as investment, financial, or tax advice. Please consult with a qualified professional for personalized investment advice tailored to your individual needs and circumstances. We are not providing any investment advisory services.

VIOV ETF issuer
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  • What is the VIOV ETF?

    The VIOV ETF, also known as the Vanguard S&P Small-Cap 600 Value ETF, is an exchange-traded fund that aims to track the performance of the S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Index. This index represents the value segment of the small-cap U.S. equity market.

  • What companies are included in the S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Index?

    The S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Index includes companies from the small-cap segment of the U.S. equity market that are considered value-oriented. These companies are typically chosen based on certain value criteria, such as lower price-to-earnings ratios and higher dividend yields.

  • How does the VIOV ETF investment strategy work?

    The VIOV ETF employs a passive or indexing approach, aiming to replicate the performance of the S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Index. It invests in a portfolio of component securities from the index, holding them in approximately the same proportions as they are represented in the index.

  • What are the benefits of investing in the VIOV ETF?

    By investing in the VIOV ETF, investors gain exposure to a diversified basket of small-cap value companies in the U.S. This strategy seeks to provide potential long-term growth opportunities while maintaining lower costs and reducing some of the risks associated with active management.

  • What are the sectors represented in the S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Index?

    As of August 19, 2022, a significant portion of the S&P Small-Cap 600 Value Index is represented by companies in the Information Technology, Consumer Discretionary, and Healthcare sectors. However, the composition of the index may change over time.